Aerogel preparation method
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The World Bank expects global economic growth to slow significantly, from 5.5% in 2021 to 4.1% in 2022 and further to 3.2% in 2023. Growth in East Asia and the Pacific is expected to slow to 5.1 percent in 2022, reflecting the impact of China's economic slowdown, the report said. China's economic growth is expected to fall to 5.1% in 2022, close to potential growth, due to the ongoing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the Chinese government's tightening of regulations in certain sectors of the economy. The report said that the rapid spread of the Omicron variant means that the new crown epidemic is likely to continue to disrupt economic activity in the near future. In addition, decelerating growth in major economies, including the United States and China, will depress external demand in emerging markets and developing economies.
Slow economic growth has a huge impact on Aerogel.
Aerogel also known as Xerogel. When most of the solvent is removed from the gel, the liquid content in the gel is much less than the solid content, or the medium in the gel space network structure is gas and the appearance is solid. This is a dry gel. It's called aerogel. Aerogel is a form of solid matter, the smallest dense solid in the world. The density is 3kg per cubic meter. A common aerogel is silicon aerogel, first produced by American scientist Kistler in 1931. There are many types of aerogels, including silicon, carbon, sulfur, metal oxides, metals, etc. Aerogel is a compound word where aero is an adjective meaning to fly and gel is clearly a gel. Literally means flying gel. The gel of any substance can be called aerogel, as long as it can be dried and the internal solvent can be removed, but its shape can basically remain unchanged.
Aerogel preparation method
Aerogel was originally named by S. Kistler. Because he successfully prepared silica aerogel by supercritical drying method, he defined aerogel as: the material obtained by supercritical drying of wet gel, called for aerogel. In the mid-to-late 1990s, with the emergence and development of atmospheric drying technology, the commonly accepted definition of aerogel in the mid-to-late 1990s is: no matter what drying method is used, as long as the liquid in the wet gel is replaced by gas Substitution, while the network structure of the gel remains basically unchanged, so the resulting materials are called aerogels. The structural feature of aerogel is a cylindrical multi-branched nanoporous three-dimensional network structure with high permeability, which has extremely high porosity, extremely low density, high specific surface area, and ultra-high pore volume ratio. Adjustable within the range of 0.003-0.500 g/cm-3. (The density of air is 0.00129 g/cm-3).
The preparation of aerogels usually consists of a sol-gel process and a supercritical drying process. In the sol-gel process, by controlling the hydrolysis and polycondensation reaction conditions of the solution, nano-clusters with different structures are formed in the solution, and the clusters adhere to each other to form a gel, while around the solid skeleton of the gel, Filled with liquid reagents left over from chemical reactions. In order to prevent the damage of the material structure caused by the surface tension in the micropores during the drying process of the gel, the supercritical drying process is adopted, and the gel is placed in a pressure vessel for heating and pressure, so that the liquid in the gel undergoes phase transformation. In the supercritical fluid, the gas-liquid interface disappears and the surface tension ceases to exist. At this time, the supercritical fluid is released from the pressure vessel, and a porous, disordered, low-density gas with a nanoscale continuous network structure can be obtained. gel material.
1. Making a Mars Expedition Spacesuit
In 2002, NASA formed a company that specializes in making stronger, more elastic aerogels. NASA has now determined that during its 2018 Mars expedition, astronauts will wear spacesuits made from a new type of aerogel. The company's senior scientist Mark Krajeowski said that as long as an 18-millimeter-thick aerogel layer is added to the spacesuit, it can help astronauts withstand high temperatures of 1,300 degrees Celsius and ultra-low temperatures of minus 130 degrees Celsius. "It's the most efficient thermostatic material I've ever seen," Mark said.
2. Bulletproof is not afraid of being bombed
Bulletproofing is a second important use for the new aerogel. NASA is testing residential and military vehicles built with aerogel. According to laboratory tests, if a layer of aerogel with a thickness of about 6 mm is added to the metal sheet, even if the explosive is detonated directly, the metal sheet will not be damaged.
3. Can deal with ecological disasters
Environmental protection is the third important role of the new aerogel. Scientists affectionately call aerogel a "super sponge" because of its millions of tiny pores, ideal for adsorbing pollutants in water. A newly invented aerogel by American scientists can now absorb lead and mercury from water. According to scientists, this aerogel is an excellent material for dealing with ecological disasters. For example, after the tanker "Sea Express" sank in 1996, 72,000 tons of crude oil was spilled. If the material had been used at the time, it would not have caused serious pollution to the entire coast.
4. Tennis rackets have stronger hitting ability
In the future, new aerogels will also enter the daily life of each of us. For example, the United States Dunlop Sports Equipment Company successfully developed a tennis racket containing aerogel. The tennis racket is said to be more capable of hitting the ball; earlier this year, 66-year-old Bob Stock became the first Briton to use aerogel for housing: "It's good for insulation and heating, and I'll use an air conditioner to keep the temperature down. Lowered it by 5°C, and the indoor temperature is still very comfortable." Climbers are also hopeful about the use of aerogel. British mountaineer Anne Parmenter used some of the aerogel material in the shoes she wore to climb Mount Everest last year, and has a layer of the new material in her sleeping bag.
The price of aerogels will vary randomly with production costs, transportation costs, international situations, exchange rates, and supply and demand in the aerogel market. Tanki New Materials Co., Ltd. aims to help industries and chemical wholesalers find high-quality, low-cost nanomaterials and chemicals by providing a full range of customized services. If you are looking for aerogels, please feel free to send an inquiry to get the latest prices for aerogels.
As a global aerogel supplier, Tanki New Materials Ltd. has extensive experience in the performance, application and cost-effective manufacturing of advanced and engineered materials. The company has successfully developed a series of powder materials (including boron carbide, aluminum carbide, titanium carbide, etc.), high-purity targets, functional ceramics and structural devices, and provides OEM services.
|Technical Parameter of Nanoparticle Silica Aerogel SiO2 Aerogel|
|Product Name||Specific Surface Area||Bulk Density||Particle Size||Porosity %||Aperture||Color|
|Silica Aerogel||600-800 m2/g||40-60 kg/m3||15-50nm||90-95||20-50nm||White|
|Silica Aerogel SiO2 Properties|
|Other Names||Silica Aerogel, SiO2 Aerogel, Aerogel.|
|Melting Point||1200 °C|
|Solubility in water||N/A|
|Silica Aerogel SiO2 Health & Safety Information|
Recently, the first press conference of the Boao Forum For Asia Annual Conference 2022 was held. Two flagship reports were released at the conference: "Asia's Economic Prospects and Integration Process 2022" and "Sustainable Asia and the World 2022-Green Transformation in Action in Asia".
The flagship report points out that the global economy will recover in 2021, and the pace of economic integration in the Asia-Pacific has not stopped even in the face of the impact of COVID-19. The Asia-Pacific region has provided new impetus for the world's economic recovery and institutional building.
The report gives an outlook on the Asian economy, noting that a number of factors will affect Asian economic growth. For example, mutated strains such as Delta and Omicron have become more transmissible, and many economies are experiencing epidemic peaks again. The Ukraine crisis has triggered geopolitical changes in Asia and Europe, leading to higher commodity prices, which may affect the global energy supply and energy transformation.
The report pointed out that the Asian economy will still be in the process of recovery in 2022, but the growth rate may moderate. According to the report, Asia's economic growth in 2022 is likely to be lower than the current IMF forecast, which is projected at 4.8%.
Affected by several factors, the supply of the Aerogel is erratic and thus its prices are expected to go higher in the future.