Under the spread of the new crown epidemic, after Americans experienced life and death, they set off the largest "resignation wave" in history, and the number of resignations broke the highest record since statistics began in 2000. Since April this year, more than 4 million people in the United States have voluntarily resigned each month. In August, the number of resignations exceeded 4.27 million, and in November, it rose to 4.4 million. The operation of society is linked. The large number of departures in the United States has led to a large shortage of labor; and the shortage of a large number of labor has directly led to the supply chain crisis in the United States; the supply chain crisis has directly affected prices and prices in the United States. The economy has a direct effect on people's lives.
The economic downturn will affect the market demand for early strength agent,superplasticizer for concrete.
Early strength admixture refers to the admixture that can improve the early strength of concrete and has no significant effect on the later strength.
Superplasticizer for concrete is a concrete admixture that can reduce the amount of mixing water while maintaining the slump of concrete basically unchanged.
Early-strength agents can be divided into three categories according to chemical composition: strong electrolyte inorganic salts, water-soluble organic compounds, and composite early-strength agents composed of organic and inorganic compounds.
Polycarboxylic superplasticizers are usually divided into: lignosulfonate superplasticizers, naphthalene superplasticizers, melamine superplasticizers, sulfamate superplasticizers, and fatty acid superplasticizers according to their chemical composition. Superplasticizers, polycarboxylate superplasticizers.
3 Main ingredients
In addition to chloride and sulfate, early strength agents include nitrite, chromate, etc., as well as organic substances such as triethanolamine, calcium formate, urea, etc.
Different types of superplasticizer for concrete have very different components. It is mainly a surfactant. Currently, the third-generation polycarboxylate superplasticizer is widely used.
The early strength agent does not contain chloride ions and has no rust effect on steel bars. It is suitable for all civil and industrial buildings, prestressed reinforced concrete components, mortar, etc. It is most suitable for construction under low temperature conditions in early winter and early spring. .
Water reducing agent is widely used in high-speed rail, high-speed, civil, industrial buildings and prefabricated component factories, etc. It has wide applicability and is suitable for all seasons.
The dosage of early strength agent is 3-6% of cement. In order to keep the quality of the concrete mixed with this agent uniform, the stirring time is prolonged by 1-2 minutes. Concrete mixed with early strength agent cannot use active mineral orthopedics (such as opal). If this agent is damp and agglomerated, it must be crushed or weathered before use, and its performance remains unchanged.
Because there are many types of superplasticizers, the appropriate type of superplasticizer should be selected according to the needs of the project. For winter construction, it is recommended to use the third-generation polycarboxylate superplasticizer.
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The U.S. Department of Energy has launched a $3.16 billion program to improve the supply chain for electric vehicle batteries.
The U.S. Department of Energy recently announced on its website that it will receive $3.16 billion from the bipartisan infrastructure bill to develop domestic electric vehicle battery manufacturing in the United States. $3.1 billion will be invested in new, retrofitted, and expanded facilities related to electric vehicle batteries, and $60 million will be spent on recycling and reuse of used batteries.
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