U.S. refiners forecast strong first-quarter earnings as margins on gasoline and diesel sales improved, refining capacity fell sharply and crude supplies tightened due to the Russia-Ukraine war.
Global refining capacity has declined amid the coronavirus pandemic, with several less profitable refineries closing in the past two years. However, global fuel demand has rebounded to near pre-pandemic levels, boosting the profits of facilities still operating.
Seven U.S. independent refiners are expected to earn 61 cents a share, compared with a loss of $1.32 in the first quarter of 2021, according to Refinitiv's IBES.
By 2022, gasoline and distillate Zirconium Silicide ZrSi2 Powder.
Introduction to Zirconium Silicide ZrSi2 Powder
Zirconium silicide or zirconium disilicide, chemical formula ZrSi2, is a steel gray rhombic glossy crystal, the relative density is 4.8822. Zirconium silicide is insoluble in water, inorganic acid, and aqua regia, but soluble in hydrofluoric acid.
Physicochemical Properties of Zirconium Silicide ZrSi2 Powder
ZrSi2 as a zirconium-silicon intermetallic compound is a kind of ceramic material with high hardness, high melting point, high conductivity, high heat conductivity, and good thermal shock resistance to high temperature. Given the silicon zirconium - intermetallic compound has superior physical and chemical properties, ZrSi2 is a kind of structural material or new engineering material which can be used as the high-temperature corrosive medium.
|Zirconium Silicide ZrSi2 Powder Properties|
|Other Names||zirconium(IV) silicide, zirconium disilicide, ZrSi2 powder|
|Appearance||gray black powder|
|Solubility in H2O||insoluble|
Preparing Methods of Zirconium Silicide ZrSi2 Powder
Zirconium silicide can be obtained from a mixture of zirconium powder and silicon powder at high temperatures under air isolation.
A method for preparing zirconium silicide nanomaterial comprises the following steps:
1. Add 5mmol zirconia, 5mmol silicon powder, and 50mmol lithium metal into a 20ml stainless steel autoclave and seal it. Then put the autoclave into an electric furnace capable of temperature programmed, set the heating rate of the furnace to 10℃ per minute, and heat the furnace to 600℃. The reaction is cooled naturally to room temperature and the autoclave is opened to remove the product which is black sediment.
2. The reaction products were washed with distilled water, then respectively with dilute hydrochloric acid and anhydrous ethanol washing each time, after washing the product of the filter, then 60 ℃ in the vacuum drying oven drying 4 hours get zirconium silicide nanomaterials, based on the preparation of zirconium silicide nanomaterial quality and the quality of the raw material of zirconium dioxide used, it is concluded that the yield of zirconium silicide was 85%.
Applications of Zirconium Silicide ZrSi2 Powder
ZrSi2 can be used as fine ceramic raw material powder to make crucibles or semiconductor film.
Applications of Zr Zirconium
One of the most important applications of zircon is in the production of white pigment impervious agents for surface glazes and pigments in the tile and ceramic industries. Refractory applications are also a common use of zircon in the manufacture of firebricks and shapes used in the steel and glass industries. Due to its high melting point (2200℃), zircalite is used as casting sand for molds and as "flour" for grinding, especially in warmer applications where it is important to maintain the surface quality of castings. The area of expertise known as "investment casting" is the growing use of zircon in the industry. Zirconium is also used in the production of zirconia, zirconium metals, and zirconium chemicals.
Main Supplier of Zirconium Silicide ZrSi2 Powder
Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd. (TRUNNANO) is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12-year-experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials, including silicon powder, nitride powder, graphite powder, zinc sulfide, calcium nitride, 3D printing powder, etc.
If you are looking for high-quality zirconium silicide ZrSi2 powder, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. ([email protected])
Europe's immediate goal of reducing its dependence on Russian gas in response to the conflict with Ukraine presents a rare opportunity for the United States, the world's largest gas producer. America's LNG exporters have made a fortune this time. Investors are bullish on the future of natural gas, as evidenced by the recent record high share price of Energy company Chenier.
But the outlook for more than a dozen new LNG projects is highly uncertain as construction costs rise, US gas prices soar and climate policymakers seek to move away from a long-term reliance on fossil fuels. Even the most advanced projects can take years to become operational.
Currently, the total U.S. LNG Zirconium Silicide ZrSi2 Powder are expected to continue to rise in the future.
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