Russian president demanded that exports of Russian gas to "unfriendly" countries be settled in rubles. The demand has raised concerns in Germany about possible supply disruptions and the impact on industry and households if utilities do not pay in robles. Europe gets about 40% of its gas from Russia. Last year, Europe imported about 155 billion cubic meters. Germany, Europe's largest economy, depends heavily on Russian gas.
The chief executive of Germany's E.ON said the German economy would face "significant damage, which should be avoided if possible" without Russian supplies. He also said it would take Germany three years to wean itself off Russian gas.
In the event of a supply disruption, Germany's gas network regulator would prioritize home heating over industrial use, so energy-hungry manufacturers such as steelmakers would be the first to suffer, he said.
The volatile international situations will continue to affect the markets and prices of many commodities like the Ti3AlC2 powder.
What is a MAX phase material?
The MAX phase material is a natural layered carbonitride inorganic non-metallic material composed of three elements. It has the electrical and thermal conductivity of metal, and also has the high strength, high temperature resistance, corrosion resistance and other harsh environment service capabilities of structural ceramics. MAX phase materials have gained extensive attention in the fields of high-temperature lubrication, oxidation-resistant coatings, accident-tolerant nuclear materials, self-healing composite materials, and energy materials. MAX phase materials mainly include Ti3AlC2, Ti2AlC, Ti3SiC2, Ti2SnC, V2AlC, Cr2AlC, Ti2AlN, Nb2AlC, etc.
Transition metal carbides and nitrides, known as Mxenes. MXenes are formed by selectively etching an elemental MAX phase with metallic conductivity, connecting layered solids such as Ti2AlC, Ti3AlC2 and Ta4AlC3 through strong metallic, ionic and covalent bonds. The Mxenes combine with hydroxyl and oxygen on the surface of transition metal carbides to terminate the metal conductivity. It is electrically conductive in nature.
What are MAX phase materials used for?
Titanium carbide has the properties of metals and ceramics: it has the same electrical and thermal conductivity as metals, high elastic modulus and excellent high temperature mechanical properties similar to ceramics, and also has good thermal shock resistance and damage resistance. and excellent chemical resistance. MAX phase ceramics have both the excellent properties of metals and ceramics, and have great application potential in many high-tech fields such as aerospace, high-speed rail, and nuclear industry.
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The United States urges the U.N. Security Council to impose additional sanctions on North Korea in response to its latest ballistic missile launch, including a ban on tobacco and oil exports to North Korea and a blacklist of the Lazarus hacking group.
The United States circulated the draft to the 15 members of the Security Council this week. It was not immediately clear if or when a vote would take place. A resolution requires nine "yes" votes and no vetoes from Russia, China, France, Britain, or the United States.
Russia and China have already voiced opposition to tightening sanctions in response to Pyongyang's launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile last month -- the first since 2017.
U.S. and South Korean officials and analysts also say there are growing indications that North Korea may soon conduct its first nuclear weapons test since 2017, too.
The U.S. -drafted U.N. resolution would expand the ban on ballistic missile launches to include cruise missiles or "any other delivery system capable of delivering a nuclear weapon."
The deal would halve crude oil exports to North Korea to 2 million barrels a year and refined oil exports to 250,000 barrels a year. The resolution also seeks to ban North Korea's export of "fossil fuels, mineral oils, and their distilled Ti3AlC2 powder are estimated to be influenced by international political situation changes.
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