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To understand all types of cement blowing agents

wallpapers Industry 2020-04-08

The cement foaming agent is mainly used to manufacture lightweight foam concrete products, such as CLC blocks, thin partitions, foam cement insulation boards, foam cement ground subgrade toilet backfill, and roof insulation. Because of its lightweight, heat insulation, heat insulation, fast construction speed, labor time and labor cost reduction, it has been widely promoted in the market.

The cement foaming agent is the core material of foam concrete. Choosing the proper cement foaming agent is the key to producing qualified products. Different types of foaming agents have different foaming powers and different foam stability, so the use process There are certain limitations. Only after understanding the type of foaming agent can its performance characteristics be understood, and then the appropriate cement foaming agent can be selected.

1 The surface-active cement foaming agent

The surfactant has good surface activity and is an excellent reagent for preparing a foaming agent. The physical and chemical properties of surfactants depend on their molecular structure. Under the same concentration conditions, the stronger the hydrophilic effect of the polar group, the stronger the solubility of the surfactant in water, and the better the foaming performance, but because of the surface film of the foam contains more water, the drainage speed is faster, the foam stable. In addition, because the characteristics of concrete surfactants and their characteristics in aqueous solutions often vary greatly, the compatibility of surfactants and cement particles is an important factor in determining the performance of foamed concrete.

2 Protein cement foaming agent

The foaming principle of protein foaming agents is the degradation of proteins. The cleavage of peptide bonds in protein macromolecules will generate easily soluble protein-small molecules. With the increase of protein-small molecules in solution, the number of hydrophobic groups gradually increase, which will reduce the surface tension and form the interface. Also, since hydrogen bonds are formed between special groups in the molecule, strong hydrogen bonding can ensure that the solution forms a strong foam liquid film so that the foaming agent generates a stable foam. However, protein foaming agents are susceptible to denaturation due to the external environment, such as temperature and acidity, which is an essential factor affecting the development of protein foaming agents.

3 Protein surface-active compound cement foaming agent

The protein surface-active composite foaming agent further enhances its surface activity by changing the interfacial tension of the solution. The interface adsorption mechanism in the hybrid system is mainly displacement and dissolution. Galvez-Ruiz et al. Studied the foaming effect of the protein surface-active composite foaming agent, and the results showed that the interface between the protein and surfactant would affect the stability of the foam. The more molecules of the active agent are adsorbed on the membrane, the stronger the elasticity and the higher the density. Therefore, the gas in the foam does not quickly diffuse to the outside through the liquid film, and the foam can exist stably for a long time. In China, industry insiders have studied the impact of alkylbenzene sulfonic acid and other substances on the foaming effect of foaming agents. Studies have shown that when 0.2 grams of alkylbenzene, sulfonic acid is added to 30 mL of foaming liquid. Both liquid foamability and foam stability are significantly improved. When the foaming coefficient is 16.7. the foam stabilization time exceeds 3 hours.

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